Target Name: SNORD115-43
NCBI ID: G100033817
Review Report on SNORD115-43 Target / Biomarker Content of Review Report on SNORD115-43 Target / Biomarker
Other Name(s): HBII-52-43 | small nucleolar RNA, C/D box 115-43 | Small nucleolar RNA, C/D box 115-43

The Role of SNORD115-43 in Disease: A Potential Drug Target and Biomarker

In recent years, the exploration of RNA molecules has expanded our understanding of their crucial roles in various cellular processes. Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs), a class of non-coding RNAs, have gained significant attention due to their involvement in gene regulation and functional implications in disease pathways. One such snoRNA, SNORD115-43, has emerged as a compelling target for therapeutic strategies and a promising candidate biomarker. In this article, we delve into the intricate functions of SNORD115-43, exploring its potential as a disease drug target and biomarker.

SNORD115-43: Uncovering Its Fundamental Functions
SNORD115-43 belongs to the C/D box family of snoRNAs, which are primarily involved in guiding the modification of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and small nuclear RNA (snRNA). Specifically, SNORD115-43 is known to participate in the post-transcriptional methylation of specific adenine residues in the 18S rRNA. This methylation modification plays a critical role in the proper assembly and function of the ribosome, ultimately influencing protein synthesis.

Interestingly, SNORD115-43 is highly enriched in the brain and predominantly expressed in neurons. This unique pattern of expression suggests its potential involvement in neural development, synaptic plasticity, and cognitive functions. Multiple studies have indicated a correlation between SNORD115-43 dysregulation and neurodevelopmental disorders, including Prader-Willi syndrome, Angelman syndrome, and autism spectrum disorders.

SNORD115-43 as a Disease Drug Target
Understanding the functional implications of SNORD115-43 dysregulation provides new opportunities for therapeutic interventions. Targeting SNORD115-43 and its associated pathways could potentially alleviate disease symptoms and improve patient outcomes.

In neurodevelopmental disorders like Prader-Willi syndrome and Angelman syndrome, where SNORD115-43 deficiency is observed, therapeutic strategies aimed at restoring its expression levels could hold promise. Modulating the expression of SNORD115-43 or developing small molecules that mimic its function could potentially rescue the neuronal defects associated with these disorders. However, extensive research is required to uncover the precise mechanisms by which SNORD115-43 contributes to these conditions, paving the way for targeted drug development.

Furthermore, SNORD115-43's involvement in the regulation of neuronal plasticity presents an intriguing avenue for potential drug targets in conditions like autism spectrum disorders. Disruptions in synaptic plasticity are often implicated in these disorders, impacting learning, memory, and cognition. Identifying the precise molecular mechanisms that link SNORD115-43 to neuronal plasticity could open doors for novel therapeutic strategies to enhance synaptic function and restore cognitive abilities.

SNORD115-43 as a Potential Biomarker
The identification of reliable biomarkers is crucial for early disease detection, accurate diagnosis, and monitoring of treatment response. SNORD115-43 has shown promise as a potential biomarker, particularly in neurodevelopmental disorders where its dysregulation is implicated.

Currently, the diagnosis of conditions like Prader-Willi syndrome, Angelman syndrome, and autism spectrum disorders heavily relies on clinical assessments and genetic testing. However, these approaches often lack sensitivity and specificity, leading to delayed or inaccurate diagnoses. By establishing SNORD115-43's diagnostic significance, we could develop less invasive and more accurate diagnostic tools for these disorders.

Recent studies have explored the possibility of circulating SNORD115-43 in various biofluids, such as blood and cerebrospinal fluid, as a potential biomarker. Utilizing advanced detection techniques, including quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) or next-generation sequencing, researchers have demonstrated altered SNORD115-43 expression levels in these biofluids in patients with neurodevelopmental disorders. Although these findings are promising, further validation and standardization are necessary before SNORD115-43 can be confidently used in clinical practice.

The identification and characterization of SNORD115-43 as a disease-associated snoRNA has opened new avenues for therapeutic interventions and biomarker research. By elucidating its intricate functions and dysregulation in various neurodevelopmental disorders, opportunities for targeted drug development and enhanced diagnostic approaches have emerged. While an exciting prospect, further investigations and clinical studies are required to unravel the full potential of SNORD115-43 as both a drug target and biomarker, ultimately improving the lives of individuals affected by these debilitating conditions.

Protein Name: Small Nucleolar RNA, C/D Box 115-43

The "SNORD115-43 Target / Biomarker Review Report" is a customizable review of hundreds up to thousends of related scientific research literature by AI technology, covering specific information about SNORD115-43 comprehensively, including but not limited to:
•   general information;
•   protein structure and compound binding;
•   protein biological mechanisms;
•   its importance;
•   the target screening and validation;
•   expression level;
•   disease relevance;
•   drug resistance;
•   related combination drugs;
•   pharmacochemistry experiments;
•   related patent analysis;
•   advantages and risks of development, etc.
The report is helpful for project application, drug molecule design, research progress updates, publication of research papers, patent applications, etc. If you are interested to get a full version of this report, please feel free to contact us at

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