Target Name: SNORD115-21
NCBI ID: G100033603
Review Report on SNORD115-21 Target / Biomarker Content of Review Report on SNORD115-21 Target / Biomarker
Other Name(s): Small nucleolar RNA, C/D box 115-21 | small nucleolar RNA, C/D box 115-21 | HBII-52-21

The Role of SNORD115-21 as a Potential Disease Drug Target or Biomarker

Understanding SNORD115-21
SNORD115-21, also known as C/D box small nucleolar RNA 115-21, is a specific type of small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA) molecule found in humans. snoRNAs are a class of non-coding RNAs that primarily function in the modification and processing of other RNA molecules, such as ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and transfer RNA (tRNA). SNORD115-21 is highly conserved among mammals and is primarily expressed in the brain tissue.

Implications for Disease
Research has shown that SNORD115-21 plays a crucial role in the development and functioning of the nervous system. Dysregulation of SNORD115-21 has been implicated in several neurodevelopmental disorders and neurodegenerative diseases, making it an interesting target for therapeutic interventions.

SNORD115-21 and Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Neurodevelopmental disorders, such as Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) and Angelman syndrome (AS), have been linked to abnormalities in SNORD115-21 expression. Both PWS and AS are genetic disorders caused by the loss of function of specific genes on chromosome 15. SNORD115-21 is located within one of these genes, making it a potential contributor to the pathogenesis of these disorders.

In PWS, a lack of SNORD115-21 expression has been observed due to the loss of the paternally inherited chromosome 15. This deficiency leads to abnormal brain development, intellectual disabilities, and a range of physical and behavioral abnormalities. Correcting or modulating SNORD115-21 expression may offer therapeutic potential for individuals with PWS.

Similarly, in AS, a deletion or mutation of the maternally inherited chromosome 15 leads to a loss of SNORD115-21 expression. AS is characterized by severe developmental delays, intellectual disabilities, and motor impairments. Restoring SNORD115-21 levels could address some of the underlying molecular mechanisms contributing to the disorder.

SNORD115-21 in Neurodegenerative Diseases
Beyond neurodevelopmental disorders, SNORD115-21 dysregulation has also been implicated in neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and Huntington's disease. These disorders are characterized by progressive loss of neurons and cognitive decline.

Studies have shown altered expression patterns of SNORD115-21 in brain tissues of individuals with these diseases. Furthermore, SNORD115-21 has been found to interact with proteins involved in the pathogenesis of these conditions. It is believed that modulating SNORD115-21 expression or function could potentially influence disease progression and provide a novel therapeutic avenue for these devastating conditions.

SNORD115-21 as a Target for Drug Development
The dysregulation of SNORD115-21 observed in neurodevelopmental disorders and neurodegenerative diseases presents a unique opportunity for drug development. By targeting SNORD115-21 or its associated molecular pathways, it may be possible to restore normal cellular functions and ameliorate disease symptoms.

Several strategies can be employed to target SNORD115-21, such as using antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) to modulate its expression or using gene therapy techniques to introduce exogenous SNORD115-21 molecules. Additionally, identifying small molecules that can specifically interact with SNORD115-21 and restore its function may offer promising therapeutic interventions.

SNORD115-21 as a Potential Biomarker
Aside from its role as a drug target, SNORD115-21 also shows potential as a biomarker for diagnostic and prognostic purposes. Biomarkers are measurable indicators of biological processes or disease states and play a crucial role in identifying and monitoring diseases.

The altered expression of SNORD115-21 in various neurodevelopmental disorders and neurodegenerative diseases suggests that it may serve as a distinctive biomarker for these conditions. Utilizing SNORD115-21 as a diagnostic biomarker could enable early detection and intervention, facilitating more effective disease management and personalized treatment strategies.

The Future of SNORD115-21 Research
Despite the promising implications of SNORD115-21 in disease pathogenesis, much remains to be explored. Further research is needed to better understand the precise molecular mechanisms by which SNORD115-21 functions and interacts within the nervous system. Additionally, studies should aim to elucidate the potential therapeutic strategies targeting SNORD115-21 and evaluate their efficacy and safety through preclinical and clinical trials.

In conclusion, SNORD115-21 represents a fascinating molecule with significant implications for disease drug targets and biomarkers. Its involvement in neurodevelopmental disorders and neurodegenerative diseases underscores its potential in paving the way for novel therapeutic interventions and personalized medicine approaches. Continued research in this field holds the promise of improved diagnosis, treatment, and management of various neurological conditions.

Protein Name: Small Nucleolar RNA, C/D Box 115-21

The "SNORD115-21 Target / Biomarker Review Report" is a customizable review of hundreds up to thousends of related scientific research literature by AI technology, covering specific information about SNORD115-21 comprehensively, including but not limited to:
•   general information;
•   protein structure and compound binding;
•   protein biological mechanisms;
•   its importance;
•   the target screening and validation;
•   expression level;
•   disease relevance;
•   drug resistance;
•   related combination drugs;
•   pharmacochemistry experiments;
•   related patent analysis;
•   advantages and risks of development, etc.
The report is helpful for project application, drug molecule design, research progress updates, publication of research papers, patent applications, etc. If you are interested to get a full version of this report, please feel free to contact us at

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