Target Name: FMR1-AS1
NCBI ID: G100126270
Review Report on FMR1-AS1 Target / Biomarker Content of Review Report on FMR1-AS1 Target / Biomarker
Other Name(s): FMR1-AS1 variant 5 | MR1-AS | FMR1-AS | FMR1-AS1 variant 1 | FMR1AS | FMR4 | FMR1 antisense RNA 1, transcript variant 2 | FMR1-AS1 variant 4 | ASFMR1 | FMR1-AS1 variant 3 | FMR1 antisense RNA 1 | FMR1-AS1 variant 2

FMR1-AS1: Unraveling its Role as a Promising Drug Target and Biomarker

In recent years, advancements in molecular biology and genetics have led to the identification of numerous drug targets and biomarkers, revolutionizing the field of medicine. One particular gene that has gained significant attention is FMR1-AS1. This article dives deep into the discoveries and potential implications of FMR1-AS1 as a drug target and biomarker.

The Intriguing World of Non-Coding RNA

FMR1-AS1, also known as FMR1 antisense transcript 1, is part of a class of molecules known as non-coding RNA. In the past, it was believed that non-coding RNAs do not play a significant role in cellular processes. However, recent research has unveiled their immense potential as regulators of gene expression and cellular functions.

FMR1-AS1 and its Connection to Fragile X Syndrome

Initially, FMR1-AS1 gained attention due to its association with a genetic disorder called Fragile X syndrome (FXS). FXS is a rare condition characterized by intellectual disabilities, behavioral abnormalities, and various physical features. It is caused by a mutation in the FMR1 gene located on the X chromosome.

Studies have revealed that FMR1-AS1 is an important player in the regulation of FMR1 gene expression. Its dysfunction has been implicated in the pathogenesis of FXS. FMR1-AS1 acts as a repressor of the FMR1 gene, which encodes a protein called FMRP. Impaired FMRP production due to mutations in FMR1 gene leads to the development of FXS. The dysregulation of FMR1-AS1 levels has been associated with the severity of phenotypic features in individuals with FXS.

Potential Therapeutic Strategies Targeting FMR1-AS1

The discovery of FMR1-AS1's involvement in FXS has sparked interest in developing therapeutic strategies targeting this non-coding RNA. One approach being explored is the use of antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) that specifically bind to and degrade FMR1-AS1. By reducing the levels of this repressor, the expression of FMR1 gene could be restored, leading to increased FMRP production.

Preclinical studies using ASOs targeting FMR1-AS1 have shown promising results in animal models of FXS. These studies have demonstrated significant improvement in cognitive functions, behavior, and synaptic plasticity. Additionally, ASOs have been shown to enhance neuronal development and reduce the abnormal morphology observed in individuals with FXS.

FMR1-AS1: A Potential Biomarker for Monitoring Treatment Response

Beyond its role as a drug target, FMR1-AS1 also holds promise as a biomarker for monitoring treatment response in FXS patients. Currently, clinical evaluation of treatment efficacy in FXS relies heavily on subjective assessments and behavioral scales. The development of a reliable biomarker would greatly enhance the ability to assess the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions.

Studies have indicated that FMR1-AS1 levels could serve as a surrogate marker to monitor FMR1 gene activity. Changes in FMR1-AS1 expression could reflect alterations in FMRP production, providing valuable insights into the efficacy of targeted therapies. The availability of a quantifiable biomarker would enable clinicians to tailor treatment plans and optimize patient care.

Challenges and Future Directions

As promising as these discoveries may sound, there are still significant challenges that need to be overcome before FMR1-AS1 can be fully exploited as a drug target and biomarker. One major challenge is the delivery of ASOs to target tissues in the central nervous system (CNS) where FXS pathology primarily occurs. Various delivery strategies, such as nanoparticle-mediated delivery and blood-brain barrier bypass techniques, are being explored to address this issue.

Another hurdle is the need for clinical trials to assess the safety and efficacy of ASOs targeting FMR1-AS1. Human trials are crucial to validate the preclinical findings and determine potential side effects or adverse events associated with ASO therapy.

In conclusion, FMR1-AS1 has emerged as a fascinating molecule with significant implications in Fragile X syndrome and potentially other neurodevelopmental disorders. The identification of FMR1-AS1 as a drug target has opened up new avenues for therapeutic interventions, and its potential as a biomarker holds promise for monitoring treatment response. As research in this field continues to progress, FMR1-AS1 may pave the way for personalized medicine in the management of FXS and other related conditions.

Protein Name: FMR1 Antisense RNA 1

The "FMR1-AS1 Target / Biomarker Review Report" is a customizable review of hundreds up to thousends of related scientific research literature by AI technology, covering specific information about FMR1-AS1 comprehensively, including but not limited to:
•   general information;
•   protein structure and compound binding;
•   protein biological mechanisms;
•   its importance;
•   the target screening and validation;
•   expression level;
•   disease relevance;
•   drug resistance;
•   related combination drugs;
•   pharmacochemistry experiments;
•   related patent analysis;
•   advantages and risks of development, etc.
The report is helpful for project application, drug molecule design, research progress updates, publication of research papers, patent applications, etc. If you are interested to get a full version of this report, please feel free to contact us at

More Common Targets

FMR1NB | FN1 | FN3K | FN3KRP | FNBP1 | FNBP1L | FNBP1P1 | FNBP4 | FNDC1 | FNDC10 | FNDC11 | FNDC3A | FNDC3B | FNDC4 | FNDC5 | FNDC7 | FNDC8 | FNDC9 | FNIP1 | FNIP2 | FNTA | FNTB | FOCAD | Focal Adhesion Kinases (FAK) | Folate Receptor | FOLH1 | FOLH1B | Follicle stimulating hormone | FOLR1 | FOLR2 | FOLR3 | Formin homology 2 domain-containing proteins | FOS | FOSB | FOSL1 | FOSL2 | FOSL2-AS1 | FOXA1 | FOXA2 | FOXA3 | FOXB1 | FOXB2 | FOXC1 | FOXC2 | FOXC2-AS1 | FOXCUT | FOXD1 | FOXD2 | FOXD2-AS1 | FOXD3 | FOXD3-AS1 | FOXD4 | FOXD4L1 | FOXD4L3 | FOXD4L4 | FOXD4L5 | FOXD4L6 | FOXE1 | FOXE3 | FOXF1 | FOXF2 | FOXF2-DT | FOXG1 | FOXG1-AS1 | FOXH1 | FOXI1 | FOXI2 | FOXI3 | FOXJ1 | FOXJ2 | FOXJ3 | FOXK1 | FOXK2 | FOXL1 | FOXL2 | FOXL2NB | FOXL3-OT1 | FOXM1 | FOXN1 | FOXN2 | FOXN3 | FOXN3-AS1 | FOXN3-AS2 | FOXN4 | FOXO1 | FOXO1B | FOXO3 | FOXO3B | FOXO4 | FOXO6 | FOXO6-AS1 | FOXP1 | FOXP2 | FOXP3 | FOXP4 | FOXP4-AS1 | FOXQ1 | FOXR1 | FOXR2 | FOXRED1