Target Name: TMEM170B
NCBI ID: G100113407
Review Report on TMEM170B Target / Biomarker Content of Review Report on TMEM170B Target / Biomarker
Other Name(s): T170B_HUMAN | Transmembrane protein 170B | transmembrane protein 170B

The Potential Role of TMEM170B as a Drug Target or Biomarker: A Comprehensive Review

TMEM170B, also known as transmembrane protein 170B, is a relatively understudied protein that has recently gained attention in the field of biomedical research. This article aims to review the current understanding of TMEM170B and discuss its potential as a drug target or biomarker.

Understanding TMEM170B:
TMEM170B is a protein-coding gene located on chromosome 12q13.2. It is predominantly expressed in the nervous system, particularly in the brain. Despite its categorization as a transmembrane protein, the specific functions and mechanisms of TMEM170B remain largely unknown. However, emerging evidence suggests its involvement in several physiological processes.

Role in Neuronal Development:
Studies have shown that TMEM170B plays a crucial role in neuronal development. Its expression has been found to be upregulated during early stages of brain development, suggesting its involvement in neurogenesis. Animal models with TMEM170B gene knockout exhibit abnormal brain development, characterized by reduced neuronal proliferation and impaired synaptic maturation. Therefore, targeting TMEM170B could potentially be a novel approach for treating neurodevelopmental disorders.

Implication in Neurodegenerative Diseases:
In recent years, TMEM170B has attracted attention as a potential biomarker for neurodegenerative diseases. Researchers have identified altered expression patterns of TMEM170B in several conditions, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Huntington's disease. Notably, these changes in TMEM170B expression seem to correlate with disease progression, suggesting its potential as a diagnostic or prognostic biomarker.

Potential Therapeutic Target:
Given its involvement in neurodevelopment and neurodegenerative diseases, TMEM170B also holds promise as a therapeutic target. Manipulating TMEM170B expression or function may offer potential benefits in treating various neurological disorders. However, further research is required to fully understand the underlying mechanisms and develop specific pharmacological approaches.

Mechanisms of Action:
Although the precise molecular mechanisms of TMEM170B are not yet fully elucidated, research suggests its involvement in specific cellular pathways. For instance, it has been proposed that TMEM170B interacts with other proteins to modulate intracellular calcium levels, which are essential for neuronal signaling and synaptic plasticity. Furthermore, TMEM170B may also participate in the regulation of autophagy, a cellular process involved in the degradation of toxic protein aggregates linked to neurodegenerative diseases.

TMEM170B as a Diagnostic Biomarker:
Identifying reliable biomarkers for early disease detection is crucial for effective intervention and treatment. TMEM170B has shown promise as a potential diagnostic biomarker, particularly in neurodegenerative diseases. Several studies have reported altered TMEM170B expression levels in cerebrospinal fluid and blood samples from patients with Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, indicating its diagnostic potential. However, further validation is required before its routine clinical use.

Prognostic and Predictive Biomarker:
Beyond its diagnostic potential, TMEM170B may also serve as a prognostic or predictive biomarker. Alterations in TMEM170B expression have been correlated with disease severity and progression in neurodegenerative diseases. Monitoring TMEM170B levels may help predict disease outcome and guide treatment strategies, leading to personalized patient care.

Challenges and Future Directions:
Though our understanding of TMEM170B is growing, several challenges remain in exploring its full potential as a drug target or biomarker. Firstly, the functional role of TMEM170B and its precise molecular mechanisms need to be further investigated. Additionally, extensive clinical validation studies are necessary to establish its true clinical utility. Developing specific inhibitors or activators of TMEM170B presents another challenge that needs to be addressed for therapeutic interventions.

TMEM170B is an intriguing protein that shows promise as both a drug target and a biomarker. Its involvement in neuronal development and its altered expression in neurodegenerative diseases highlight its potential therapeutic and diagnostic value. Continued research and validation studies will pave the way for exploiting TMEM170B as a novel target for the treatment and early detection of neurodevelopmental disorders and neurodegenerative diseases.

Protein Name: Transmembrane Protein 170B

Functions: Negatively regulates the canonical Wnt signaling in breast cancer cells. Exerts an inhibitory effect on breast cancer growth by inhibiting CTNNB1 stabilization and nucleus translocation, which reduces the activity of Wnt targets (PubMed:29367600)

The "TMEM170B Target / Biomarker Review Report" is a customizable review of hundreds up to thousends of related scientific research literature by AI technology, covering specific information about TMEM170B comprehensively, including but not limited to:
•   general information;
•   protein structure and compound binding;
•   protein biological mechanisms;
•   its importance;
•   the target screening and validation;
•   expression level;
•   disease relevance;
•   drug resistance;
•   related combination drugs;
•   pharmacochemistry experiments;
•   related patent analysis;
•   advantages and risks of development, etc.
The report is helpful for project application, drug molecule design, research progress updates, publication of research papers, patent applications, etc. If you are interested to get a full version of this report, please feel free to contact us at

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